Organize and Share your Electronics the way you want. Sign-Up for a free account now. It takes only 30 seconds!

Water Activated Alarm

Water Activated Alarm

The circuit uses a 555 timer wired as an astable oscillator and powered by the emitter current of the BC109C. Under dry conditions, the transistor will have no bias current and be fully off. As the probes get wet, a small current flows between base and emitter and the transistor switches on. A larger current flows in the collector circuit enabling the 555 osillator to sound.
An On/Off switch is provided and remember to use a non-reactive metal for the probe contacts. Gold or silver plated contacts from an old relay may be used, however a cheap alternative is to wire alternate copper strips from a piece of veroboard. These will eventually oxidize over but as very little current is flowing in the base circuit, the higher impedance caused by oxidization is not important. No base resistor is necessary as the transistor is in emitter follower, current limit being the impedance at the emitter (the oscillator circuit).

Visit Here for more.

 

More Articles to Read

Single-Sided USB Charger
Single-Sided USB Charger
A FPGA controlled RGB LED MATRIX for Incredible Effects – the Hardware
A FPGA controlled RGB LED MATRIX for Incredible Effects – the Hardware
Using Nanotimers to Reduce IoT System Power Consumption by an Order of Magnitude
Using Nanotimers to Reduce IoT System Power Consumption by an Order of Magnitude
Replace a microwave’s beeping with the Windows XP startup sound
Replace a microwave’s beeping with the Windows XP startup sound
A DIY Laser Scanning Microscope
A DIY Laser Scanning Microscope
Reverse-engineering the surprisingly advanced ALU of the 8008 microprocessor
Reverse-engineering the surprisingly advanced ALU of the 8008 microprocessor
ESP8266 LED lighting: QuinLED v2.6 PCB
ESP8266 LED lighting: QuinLED v2.6 PCB
Switching LVDS Graphics in a Laptop Computer
Switching LVDS Graphics in a Laptop Computer
Teleknitting: TV-based string art
Teleknitting: TV-based string art
DIY Bubble Machine
DIY Bubble Machine
Start your day with Nerf target practice!
Start your day with Nerf target practice!
Teardown of a Peaktech 6225A
Teardown of a Peaktech 6225A

Top




Shares