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PIR motion sensor interface with AVR-microcontroller ATMEGA32

PIR motion sensor interface with AVR-microcontroller ATMEGA32

Passive Infra red sensor also known as PIR sensors is capable of detecting motion or movement within a certain range. These type of sensors have wide range of applications in our daily life and it is essential to learn the interfacing method. This article is going to demonstrate the PIR motion sensor interface with AVR microcontroller.

APPLICATIONS OF PIR SENSOR:

Lets see some of the common applications of PIR sensor for better understanding.

  1. Automated doors in shopping malls.
  2. Lifts
  3. Garden lights
  4. Parking areas

PIR SENSOR:
pir-sensor-module-pin-diagram

 

The PIR sensor detect only bodies (hot materials and living objects) in motions not the static ones. This sensor uses Infra red beam to detect the motion and only covers a certain space based on the sensor model, i advise you to go through the manufacturer datasheet to know about the range. This sensor module gives only two output states that is logic High 1 which is equivalent to 3.3 V and logic low 0 equivalent to 0 V.

SCHEMATIC DESIGN:

pir-sensor-interface-circuit-diagram

WORKING:

The PIR sensor is interfaced with Atmega32 AVR microcontroller to detect the motion around the environment. Atmega32 considers any voltage between 2V to 5V as logic high. Hence PIR sensor is directly interfaced to the input pin of the controller.

The circuit shown above will read the status of the output of the PIR sensor and switch ON the LED when there is a motion detected and switch OFF the LED when there is nothing. Output pin of the PIR sensor is connected to PortC.0 pin of the atmega32.  LED is connected through PORTB.0  of the microcontroller.

CODE:

 

#include<avr/io.h>
#define F_CPU 800000UL
#include<util/delay.h>
int main()
{
DDRC=0x00; //configuring PortC pin 0 as input
PORTC=0x00; 
DDRB=0x01; // configuring PortB as output
PORTB=0x00; // buzzer/LED off

while(1)
{
 if((PINC&(1<<0)))            // check for sensor pin PC.0 using bit
  {
   PORTB=0x01;           // buzzer /LED on
   _delay_ms(5000);
   PORTB=0x00;
  }
  else
  PORTB=0x00;  // buzzer/LED off
}           

return 0;
}

NOTE:

  • Use a current limiting resistor with the LED.
  • You can increase or decrease the delay of activation that is LED ON time.
  • You can also use buzzer in place of LED in the above circuit.

The post PIR motion sensor interface with AVR-microcontroller ATMEGA32 appeared first on Gadgetronicx.

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